실천민속학연구 Vol.7 No.-  167-200(34쪽)
목차 (Table of Contents)
- 1. 들어가는 말
- 2. 조선시대 제도 의료의 허ㆍ실과 민간의 대처
- 3. 조선 후기 사대부가 남ㆍ녀의 질병 인식과 대응의 일례
- 4. 맺음말
This article, on the assumption that about recognition and confrontation of the female and male against the illness in past tradition society have some point of differnces that because of social status of gender and sex distinction to a present male and female.
It saw focusing on the contents of the illness by the work is the『 閨閤叢書』, 『林園經濟志』 that have written by a male and a female of 士大夫家 in latter period of Chosun.
The two works are result of change process in the letter period of Chosun(朝鮮) medical system. The letter period of Chosun have become fixed to government medical system, also there have encouraged and scattered by government indirectly. Because Folk medicine was made an alternative plan of government medical system by men of noble. so they are reading for many kinds of medical books, and practical science books. as a result, the works were written with expert knowledge and experience knowledge of the medical.
Also the fine parts of result by contents analysis of the works, ill was made of a ghost and emphasis of trying to health condition for normal time, a way to use of pharmaceuticals by seasonal divisions. With this even to same similarity of two books are difference point from write attitude of the illness. 『林園經濟志』 has various at quantitative, a specialty method. but 『閨閤叢書』 has contents of daily disease and practical method. and there are the medicine books and the encyclopedia in the list of books cited of 『閨閤叢書』. and the contents which are not quoted are seen in the private experience knowledge. the list of books cited of 『林園經濟志 are just only Chinese medicine books, 『A Botanical list 本草綱目』 , and simple therapy books. lately their differece point is describe method. 『閨閤 叢書 』was described in the Hankul and simply. but 『林園經濟志』 was described in Chinese and in detail.
By two works, the difference of the approach range about practical use of the medical knowledge of a female and a male appears conclusively those days.
In the 『閨閤叢書』, although technology of the method which female can use easily is carried out, but the contents of 『林園經濟志』 which only those in whom special medicine knowledge could be practice.
However, a gender difference does not appear greatly in illness recognition and the correspondence method by two works. but on the practical use side of medical knowledge, the difference of a social sex duty was appeared.
But those days, the special medical treatment of tradition society is related to knowledge and economical ability. also there was a difference of an educational opportunity according to the social status and gender. so supposing that, the general public did easy medical treatment even if they mastered medicine knowledge. also they would be used to the method of therapy like folk medicine, were dependent upon supernatural power.